Company Director Dividends: How Much Can You Take?

Company Director Dividends: How Much Can You Take?

Being a company director comes with a multitude of responsibilities and benefits. One such benefit that often becomes a point of interest is the dividends that a director can take from their company.

This comprehensive guide aims to shed light on the concept of company director dividends, helping you understand how much you can take without crossing the line. We will delve into the intricacies of dividends, their benefits, the tax implications, and the potential risks involved.

What are dividends?

Dividends are essentially a portion of a company’s profits that are distributed to its shareholders. As a company director, you’re likely a shareholder, which means dividends could be a significant source of your income.

Dividends are usually distributed in cash, but they can also be issued as additional shares or other property. They represent your share of the company’s profits and are a way for the company to return capital to its shareholders.

The benefits of taking director dividends

Taking company director dividends has several advantages:

  • Tax Efficiency: Dividends are taxed at a lower rate than salary, which can result in substantial tax savings. This is because dividends fall under the scope of dividend tax, which has different rates compared to income tax.
  • No National Insurance Contributions: Unlike salary, which is subject to both employee and employer National Insurance contributions, dividends are exempt from this. This further enhances their appeal.
  • Improved Personal Cash Flow: Taking dividends can improve your personal cash flow, providing you with funds for personal investments or expenses. It can be a flexible way to manage your income, allowing you to take out money as and when required.
  • Flexibility: Dividends can be declared at any time, giving you more control over when you receive income.
  • Lower Corporation Tax: Profits paid out as dividends are not subject to Corporation Tax, reducing the overall tax liability for the company.

How much dividend can a company director take

The amount of dividend a company director can take depends on the company’s available profits. It’s essential to ensure that the company has sufficient profits to cover the dividends. Overdrawing dividends can lead to tax complications and legal issues.

Therefore, it’s crucial to keep a close eye on your company’s financial performance and only take dividends when there are enough profits. It’s also important to remember that dividends can’t be counted as business expenses and therefore don’t reduce your Corporation Tax bill.

Income tax rates on dividends

The tax on dividends depends on your income tax band. The dividend allowance for the 2023/24 tax year is £2,000. This means that you won’t have to pay tax on the first £2,000 of your dividend income, no matter what non-dividend income you have.

Above this, dividends are taxed at 7.5% for basic rate taxpayers, 32.5% for higher rate taxpayers, and 38.1% for additional rate taxpayers. It’s important to consider these rates when deciding how much dividend to take. It’s also worth noting that these rates are different from the rates for income tax.

Differences between salary and dividend

DefinitionA fixed regular payment earned for work or services.A sum of money paid regularly by a company to its shareholders out of its profits.
TaxationSubject to Income Tax and National Insurance contributions.Taxed at a lower rate and not subject to National Insurance.
Impact on Take-home PayCan be significant due to higher tax rates and National Insurance contributions.Can be beneficial due to lower tax rates.
Remuneration StrategyOften beneficial to take a small salary that at least covers your Personal Allowance.Beneficial to supplement salary with dividends.

Factors to consider before taking a dividend

Before taking a dividend, there are several factors to consider:

  • Company’s Profitability: Ensure that the company has enough profits to cover the dividends. Overdrawing dividends can lead to tax complications and legal issues.
  • Personal Tax Situation: Consider your personal tax band and how much of your dividend allowance you have left for the tax year.
  • Company’s Future Financial Needs: Consider the company’s future financial needs. Retaining profits in the company can support future growth and business stability.
  • Legal Requirements: Ensure that all legal requirements are met, including holding a directors’ meeting to declare the dividend. The minutes of this meeting should be recorded and kept with your company records.
  • Timing: Consider the timing of the dividend, as this can have tax implications. For example, taking a dividend just before the end of the tax year could potentially push you into a higher tax band.

The risks involved in taking illegal director dividends

Taking dividends without sufficient profits, also known as illegal dividends, can lead to significant issues:

  • Potential Tax Liabilities: If dividends are taken without sufficient profits, they may be reclassified as salary by HMRC, leading to additional tax liabilities.
  • Interest Charges and Penalties: HMRC may impose interest charges and penalties on the additional tax owed.
  • Director Disqualification: In severe cases, it could even lead to director disqualification.
  • Repayment: Directors may be required to repay the dividends to the company.
  • Damage to Company Reputation: Illegal dividends can damage the reputation of the company and its directors.


In conclusion, while dividends can be a tax-efficient way to extract money from your company, it’s essential to understand the rules and potential risks. Always consult with a financial advisor or accountant to ensure you’re making the best decisions for your financial situation.

Remember, every director’s situation is unique, and what works for one might not work for another. It’s all about finding the right balance that works for you and your company.

Need advice?

If you’re uncertain about the optimal method for withdrawing funds from your limited company, or if you’re worried about the legality of a dividend payment you’ve issued, or perhaps you’ve established a director’s loan account that is overdrawn, and you’re unable to settle, no matter your circumstances, don’t hesitate to get in touch with our team or book a discovery call.

We offer a complimentary, no-commitment consultation to assist you in determining the most beneficial course of action.